The successful male wins mating rights with the female, though the beetles remain polygynandrous. [5] The mating season for adults typically occurs during the rainy season (July to December). William Glenn Shadix (April 15, 1952 – September 7, 2010), was an American film and television actor known for his role as Otho in Tim Burton's horror comedy film Beetlejuice and as the voice of the Mayor of Halloween Town in The Nightmare Before Christmas. Subject: Male Eastern Hercules Beetle Geographic location of the bug: Meridianville, Alabama Date: 06/09/2018 Time: 11:16 PM EDT Your letter to the bugman: If you ever wondered how tough these are, well, I met this one by accidentally stepping on him at a gas station! They are a group of about 1,200 species. In Britain, they are found in southern and southeastern areas of England. The male Ox beetle has horns growing off of the pronotum (shoulder plate). X. Hercules beetle is one of the largest beetles in the world. Mushi is Japanese for insect, and kabuto is Japanese for helmet, literally referring to the samurai helmet. Dynastes hercules is known for its tremendous strength and is named after Hercules, a hero of classical mythology who is famed for his great strength. [5] They have a slightly iridescent coloration to their elytra, which varies in color between specimens and may be affected by the humidity of the local environment in which they develop. Very pretty. Buy beetles for use in art, craft projects, private collections, & creative decorations. I cannot determine gender on these larvae (grubs), so please don't ask. Some species grow to 8 centimetres (3¼ inches), but most are about 5 centimetres (2 inches). Dynastes tityus Eastern Hercules Beetle -Dynastes tityus invasives Dynastes tityus - Hercules Beetle female dynastes tityus pets Eastern Hercules Beetle Eastern hercules beetle. Large Eastern Hercules Beetle, Dynastes tityus, on a leaf. The beetle's Korean name meaning 'Jangsupungdeng-i(장수풍뎅이, "General beetle") is similar in nature but it sounds completely different. Most are black, gray, or greenish in color, and some are covered in soft hairs. The Hercules beetle (Dynastes hercules) is a species of rhinoceros beetle native to the rainforests of Central America, South America, and the Lesser Antilles. 36. Many rhinoceros beetles are well known for their unique shapes and large sizes. [11], Reports suggest the Hercules beetle is able to carry up to 850 times its body mass. Lago. Females have an average gestation period of 30 days from copulation to egg-laying, and may lay up to 100 eggs on the ground or on dead wood. Feeding on rotting wood assists with biodegradation and cycling nutrients in the environment.[5]. Index of all insects found in Alabama. [5], Populations of D. hercules may be found from southern Mexico to Bolivia in mountainous and lowland rain forests. Insects are typically drawn to a given area by available food supply, weather, environmental factors (pollution, etc...), water supply, mating patterns, etc... and can be territorial. After the larval period, transformation into a pupa, and moulting, the beetle then emerges as an adult. X. X. Emerald Euphoria Beetle. [5][9] The adult Hercules beetle feeds on fresh and rotting fruit. 35. Based on the horns I think it was a male Hercules. "Hercules Manufacturing has a long history of customer satisfaction and is well-poised to provide superior customer service with exclusive distributorships, manufacturing and machine shop facilities, and services focused on the Industrial and Heavy-duty Engine Industry, Airline Support Business, and Government and Military markets. Tiger Beetle Stag beetles can be found in Southern and central Europe. Known populations include the Lesser Antilles, Trinidad and Tobago, Brazil, Ecuador, Colombia, and Peru. [5], The larvae of the Hercules beetle are saproxylophagous, this means that they feed on rotting wood, in which they also reside during the two-year developmental stage. The eastern hercules beetle, Dynastes tityus, can be found in the eastern half of the U.S. [5], The larvae of the Hercules beetle are saproxylophagous, this means that they feed on rotting wood, in which they … Listing of North American Beetles found in the state of Alabama ... Eastern Hercules Beetle. Several subspecies of D. hercules have been named,[1][2] though still some uncertainty exists as to the validity of the named taxa. Ox Beetles are stout beetles that are quite hairy on their ventral side (belly). looks like pupae Female hercules beetle. Not counting subspecies of D. hercules, seven other species are recognized in the genus Dynastes. King, J.G. [9][10] They have been observed feeding on peaches, pears, apples, and grapes in captivity. [11], D. hercules is a beneficial contributor to the rain forest ecosystem, primarily during their larval stage where they are saproxylophagous. You will be able to narrow down the results to better help identify your bug! Image Credit: Angie and Christian taken in AL, Image Credit: Angie F. from Nashville, GA, Image Credit: Steve A. from Charlotte, NC, Updated: 9/25/2020; Geological Survey of Alabama, Monograph 11: 1-172. These very large beetles are in the genus Dynastes, which is found throughout the Americas.Tropical species are among the largest insects in the world. [7], D. hercules is highly sexually dimorphic, with only males exhibiting the characteristic horns (one on the head, and a much larger one on the prothorax). In Japanese, rhinoceros beetles are called kabutomushi (かぶとむし, also written 甲虫 or かぶと虫). Experiments on D. hercules have shown that a male placed in the vicinity of a female will immediately orient towards her and seek her out, suggesting chemical communication through strong sexual pheromones. Click on the links or beetle images below to find more information and to buy beetle specimens. The Hercules beetle (Dynastes hercules) is a species of rhinoceros beetle native to the rainforests of Central America, South America, and the Lesser Antilles. They are likely used in battle with other males over territory. Rhinoceros beetle, (subfamily Dynastinae), also called elephant beetle, Hercules beetle, or Atlas beetle, any of numerous species of beetles, some of which are among the largest beetles on Earth, named for the impressive hornlike structures on the frontal portions of males. KINGDOM: Animalia | PHYLUM: Arthropoda | CLASS: Insecta | ORDER:Coleoptera | FAMILY: Scarabaeidae | SUBFAMILY: Dynastinae | GENUS and SPECIES: Dynastes tityus (Eastern Hercules Beetle) Like all beetles, Hercules Beetles have chewing mouthparts and hardened front wings (elytra). It is the longest extant species of beetle in the world, and is also one of the largest flying insects in the world. D. hercules has a complex taxonomic history and has been known by several synonyms. This variability results from developmental mechanisms that coincide with genetic predisposition in relation to nutrition, stress, exposure to parasites, and/or physiological conditions. It is the largest order of insects, representing about 40 percent of the known insect species. Huang, J., Knowles, L. The species versus subspecies conundrum: quantitative delimitation from integrating multiple data types within a single bayesian approach in Hercules beetles. It is the longest extant species of beetle in the world, and is also one of the largest flying insects in the world. X. After the third instar stage, the pupal stage lasts about 32 days, where it will transition into an adult. This massive beetle can be found in hardwood forests in the eastern United States. The larval stage of Dynastes hercules will last one to two years, with the larva growing up to 4.5 inches (11 cm) in length and weighing more than 100 g (3.5 oz). As you can see, a typical beetle is made up much like any other insect comprising of three main parts: Head – Thorax – Abdomen Here are the different parts of a beetle explained. A massive beetle that, despite its aggressive look, is not harmful to humans. Note: Please note that insects do not adhere to man-drawn borders on a map and as such they may be found beyond their listed 'reach' showcased on our website. The map below showcases (in blue) the states and territories of North America where the Eastern Hercules Beetle may be found (but is not limited to). Hercules beetles are in the scarab beetle family (Scarabaeidae), which also includes Japanese Beetles, June Beetles, and Dung Beetles. Other common names – some for particular groups of rhinoceros beetles – include Hercules beetles, unicorn beetles or horn beetles.Over 1500 species and 225 genera of rhinoceros beetles are known.. A species of rhinoceros beetle in the Eastern United States. [17], D. hercules does not negatively affect human activities, either as an agricultural pest or disease vector. 2012. These beetles have rounded, convex backs, and their coloration varies from black to mottled greenish gray. Loding, H.P. 38. [11] The adult D. hercules beetles are capable of creating a 'huffing' sound, generated by stridulating their abdomen against their elytra to serve as a warning to predators. Large Eastern Hercules Beetle, Dynastes tityus, on a leaf. Hercules beetle [3][4], Adult body sizes (not including the thoracic horn) vary between 50 and 85 mm (2.0 and 3.3 in) in length and 29 and 42 mm (1.1 and 1.7 in) in width. It is in the subfamily Dynastinae (rhinoceros beetles) in the larger family Scarabaeidae (commonly known as scarab beetles). [9][10] At low humidity the elytra are olive-green or yellow in color, but darken to black at higher humidity due to changes in light refraction. Etymology. [5] Male Hercules beetles may reach up to 173 mm (7 in) in length (including the horn), making them the longest species of beetle in the world, if jaws and/or horns are included in the measurement. The diagram below shows the external anatomy of a typical Beetle. There are 13 known species of Hercules beetles. Eastern Hercules Beetle Unicorn beetle Eastern Hercules Moved Eastern Hercules Beetle While half and half Additions. This sort of data can be useful in seeing concentrations of a particular species over the continent as well as revealing possible migratory patterns over a species' given lifespan. Found in the United States and northern Mexico. ... Any beetle images and site inquiries can be submitted to beetleidentification at gmail.com. Actual measurements on a much smaller (and relatively stronger: see square-cube law) species of rhinoceros beetle shows a carrying capacity only up to 100 times their body mass, at which point they can barely move. As we sipped our water and shared an apple, a beautiful spot across the path caught D's eyes. Including coleoptera,lepidoptera,beetles,butterflies and more. Dynastes tityus is the Eastern Hercules Beetle from the USA. They have a black suture with sparsely distributed black spots elsewhere on the elytra. Festive Tiger Beetle. All beetle specimens for sale are farm raised beetles from around the world that died from natural causes. Large horns, green shell with spots. If you prefer to do your shopping online, that doesn’t have to stop you from getting high-quality, live insects for your reptiles. Among the more than 360,000 species of Coleoptera are many of the largest and most-conspicuous insects, some of which also have brilliant metallic The larvae can grow up to 11 cm (4.5 in) in length and weigh more than 100 grams. They are nocturnal, and therefore usually seen at night. The larvae feed on decaying wood from hardwood trees like oak, beech, alder, maple, ash, etc. [11][14] Like most insects, communication within the species is a mix of chemoreception, sight, and mechanical perception. [15] Male Hercules beetles typically use their large horns to settle mating disputes; these fights can cause significant physical damage to the combatants but may also include possible damage to the female in the process. Much of the life of the larva is spent tunneling through rotting wood. As members of the Rhinoceros beetle family, males have two horn-like pincers on their head, while females lack them. These large beetles can be found across the southern U.S. from Florida to Texas. Rhinoceros beetles are herbivorous insects named for the horn-like projections on and around the males' heads. Hercules beetles are named for their incredible strength. Adult beetles can live for three to six months in captivity. 37. Photographed in Walton … Size 1.6” to 2.4” (40 to 60 mm) long and up to 1” (2.5 cm) wide. The bettle is native to Central and South America. Updated: 9/25/2020; Authored By Staff Writer; Content ©www.InsectIdentification.org These are available as captive bred larvae, unsexed at $19 each. Krell, F., Krell, V. Longevity of the Western Hercules beetle, "Hercules Beetle Dynastes hercules (Linnaeus, 1758) (Insecta: Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae)", "Diffractive hygrochromic effect in the cuticle of the hercules beetle, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hercules_beetle&oldid=992641193, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 6 December 2020, at 10:20. [16] During fights, the males attempt to grab and pin their rival between the cephalic and thoracic horns to lift and throw them. Although very strong, Hercules beetle has a lot of predators. [11] Once hatched, the larval stage of the Hercules beetle may last up to two years in duration, where it will go through 3 metamorphosis stages, also known as instars. The speckled and horned Eastern Hercules Beetle is a Scarab Beetle that is as strong and large as a rhinoceros compared to other beetles. [10][13], Within their native rain forest habitats, the adult beetles, which are nocturnal, forage for fruit at night and hide or burrow within the leaf litter during the day. Life cycle. The variegated mud-loving beetles (Coleoptera: Heteroceridae) of Mississippi and Alabama, with discussion and keys to the species occurring in the southeastern United States. Turned it one last time and all this time the beetle appeared calm. 1945. Giant green beetle Location: Deep South – Rural Alabama, about 80 miles north of Gulf Shores off of the 65 highway June 24, 2011 10:24 am While traveling near Gulf Shores Alabama, during mid June (06/17 exactly), my ”City Girl” girlfriends and I came across this BIG green beauty. They live in tropical rainforests, hidden in rotten tree trunks. User Tip: Click on the "X" found on each entry below to hide specific bugs from this page's listing. Big Al’s Pets is happy to ship any of our dozens of live insect varieties right to your door. [5] The larvae have a yellow body with a black head. [11], Females of D. hercules have punctured elytra which are usually entirely black, but sometimes have the last quarter of the elytra colored in the same way as the males. Photographed in Walton … A Hercules beetle!" In the United States, Dynastes beetles are generally uncommon, although the beautiful, black-spotted eastern Hercules beetles, Dynastes tityus, is occasionally found in large colonies on trees. [11] In laboratory conditions at 25 ± 1°C, the first instar stage lasts an average of 50 days, the second stage an average of 56 days, and the third an average of 450 days. On one particularly hot day in his Central Alabama town, he and I were hiking through the woods when he suggested we take a water break for my "helf (health)." Hercules beetles can be found in Central and South America. User Tip: Click on the "X" found on each entry below to hide specific bugs from this page's listing. Eastern-Eyed Click Beetle. Above is photo of the grub of a Hercules Beetle (Dynastes hercules); the largest of the rhinoceros beetles.The grubs can reach 4.5 inches (110mm) in length and weigh up to 120 grams. Dynastinae or rhinoceros beetles are a subfamily of the scarab beetle family (Scarabaeidae). The beetles can be kept as pets. Catalogue of the beetles of Alabama. Dynastes tityus, the eastern Hercules beetle, is a species of rhinoceros beetle that lives in the Eastern United States.The adult's elytra are green, gray or tan, with black markings, and the whole animal, including the male's horns, may reach 60 mm (2.4 in) in length. There are a total of (154) Alabama Beetles found in the Insect Identification database. Please wait while all 235 records are loaded into this space. [14], It has been observed in wild habitat and in captivity that male D. hercules will engage in combat to win possession and mating rights to a female. Stepping closer, he exclaimed joyously, "A Hercules beetle! Hercules Beetles, Genus Dynastes. Authored By Staff Writer; Content ©www.InsectIdentification.org. Large horns, green shell with spots. Return to Results Page for Alabama Insects . Although rare, adult males can reach sizes of 6.75 inches (17 cm) in length. The eggs have an incubation period of approximately 27.7 days before they hatch. The grubs feed on decaying wood from various trees. [12], Not much is known about the life cycle in the wild, but much evidence has been gained through observations of captive-bred populations. [5] Chromosomal analysis has shown that the genus Dynastes in fact originated from South America. Their overall color can darken when they are fully hydrated and fed. Many excellent insects pictures. Return to Results Page for Alabama Insects . The smallest recorded beetle and the smallest free-living insect (as of 2015), is the featherwing beetle Scydosella musawasensis which may measure as little as 325 µm in length. Sells good quality insect specimens from around the world. Description: A female Eastern Hercules Beetle just before she was released . & P.K. Stag beetles […] It was on its back, so I gently turned it over. They are dark brown all over. The order Coleoptera consists of the beetles and weevils. Both genders are a creamy, yellowish color with black dots that look like droplets. The longest beetle is the Hercules beetle Dynastes hercules, with a maximum overall length of at least 16.7 cm (6.6 in) including the very long pronotal horn. These farm-raised insects can be purchased … Hercules Beetles are one of … This one was about 2". Stag beetles belong to the family Lucanidae. Abdomen – this is … Despite their immense size and heft, they can fly very well. [3][6] The size of the horn is naturally variable, more so than any variation of the size of legs, wings, or overall body size in the species. A species of rhinoceros beetle in the Eastern United States. Insecta Mundi 0275: 1-53. Positive: On Jul 8, 2015, Logo76 from Woodbridge, VA wrote: I saw one of these beetles yesterday in Lake Ridge, VA at about 6:30am. Another name given to some of these insects is the Hercules beetle, because they possess a … Entries are listed below in alphabetical order. [8] The body of males is black with the exception of the elytra, which can have shades of olive-green. Capability, Shape, Texture/Pattern, Benefits, Dangers, InsectIdentification.org's YouTube Channel. The Hercules beetle (Dynastes hercules) is a species of rhinoceros beetle native to the rainforests of Central America, South America, and the Lesser Antilles. Hercules (rhinoceros) beetle identification. Though the beetles and weevils the southern U.S. from Florida to Texas belly ) speckled and horned Eastern beetle! Good quality insect specimens from around the world, and grapes in captivity ) Alabama beetles found in genus! ( belly ) beetles in the larger family Scarabaeidae ( commonly known as beetles... 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Life of the largest flying insects in the world 32 days, where it will transition into adult! Able to carry up to 1 ” ( 2.5 cm ) in length males. Known by several synonyms a subfamily of the rhinoceros beetle family ( )! Not harmful to humans speckled and horned Eastern Hercules beetle hercules beetle alabama half and half Additions gender on these larvae grubs...