Describe the relationship of each work to the others under consideration. Literature reviews are secondary sources and do not report new or original experimental work. However, sometimes you may need to add additional sections that are necessary for your study, but do not fit in the organizational strategy of the body. 6. identify research in related areas that is generalisable or transferable to your topic. Is there an aspect of the field that is missing? A methodological approach focuses on the methods utilized by the researcher. 5. A literature review with depth and breadth demonstrates comprehensive knowledge of the literature, and confirms that you’re up-to-date with research in your field. A literature review or narrative review is a type of review article. Doing a Literature Review: Releasing the Social Science Research Imagination. What Is a Literature Review? The narrower your topic, the easier it will be to limit the number of sources you need to read in order to obtain a good survey of relevant resources. A good literature review expands on the reasons behind selecting a particular research question. New York: Oxford University Press, 2010. In your literature review, you should: 1. clarify your understanding of the field. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE, 2014. 2nd ed. This form consists of an overview of existing evidence pertinent to a clearly formulated research question, which uses pre-specified and standardized methods to identify and critically appraise relevant research, and to collect, report, and analyze data from the studies that are included in the review. Onwuegbuzie, Anthony J. and Rebecca Frels.  Shields and Rangarajan (2013) and Granello (2001) link the activities of doing a literature review with Benjamin Bloom’s revised taxonomy of the cognitive domain (ways of thinking: remembering, understanding, applying, analyzing, evaluating, and creating). By Publication 2. For the Internet in American presidential politics project, one methodological approach would be to look at cultural differences between the portrayal of American presidents on American, British, and French websites. Offers detailed guidance on how to develop, organize, and write a college-level research paper in the social and behavioral sciences. These are the most common mistakes made in reviewing social science research literature. Shields and Rangarajan (2013) distinguish between the process of reviewing the literature and a finished work or product known as a literature review. A literature review is a critical and in depth evaluation of previous research. The literature review surveys scholarly articles, books, and other sources relevant to a particular area of research. While conducting a review of the literature, maximize the time you devote to writing this part of your paper by thinking broadly about what you should be looking for and evaluating. 4. 3. *This sample paper was adapted by the Writing Center from Key, K.L., Rich, C., DeCristofaro, C., Collins, S. (2010). Select only the most important points in each source to highlight in the review. Academic Skills Centre. What methods have they used to study the problem? Some short quotes are okay if you want to emphasize a point, or if what an author stated cannot be easily paraphrased. A literature review is a piece of academic writing demonstrating knowledge and understanding of the academic literature on a specific topic placed in context. Identify areas of prior scholarship to prevent duplication of effort. Methodological Review In what ways might geographers view the need for better distribution of social service agencies in large cities than how social workers might study the issue? Thematic reviews of literature are organized around a topic or issue, rather than the progression of time. Do not use extensive quotes as a substitute for your own summary and interpretation of the literature. When writing your review, keep in mind these issues. This means that you will not just simply list your sources and go into detail about each one of them, one at a time. An overview of the subject, issue, or theory under consideration, along with the objectives of the literature review. For example, a review of the Internet’s impact on American presidential politics could focus on the development of online political satire. Usually in the conclusion of a literature review, identify where gaps exist in how a problem has been researched to date. The review should enumerate, describe, summarize, objectively evaluate and clarify this previous research. 1. For scholars, the depth and breadth of the literature review emphasizes the credibility of Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, 2005; Hart, Chris. I. In what ways might geographers view the need for better distribution of social service agencies in large cities than how social workers might study the issue? Online Writing Center. those of theory, substantive fields, research approaches, and data collection and analysis techniques], how researchers draw upon a wide variety of knowledge ranging from the conceptual level to practical documents for use in fieldwork in the areas of ontological and epistemological consideration, quantitative and qualitative integration, sampling, interviewing, data collection, and data analysis. The unit of analysis can focus on a theoretical concept or a whole theory or framework. 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